Mobile Apps vs. Mobile Web: Do You Have to Choose?



There have been countless debates about the demise of the mobile Web at the hands of mobile apps. Who’s winning? No one can agree. One pundit sees apps dominating users’ attention; another predicts apps will kill off the entire Web. As the saying goes, “prediction is very difficult, especially about the future.”

The reality is neither solution will go away, and it’s a mistake to pit one against the other. The truth is the mobile Web and mobile apps both serve a useful purpose, and both have limitations in terms of meeting the needs of users in any given context.

Let’s consider some key facts.

The biggest brands have it made

Mobile apps represent a small fraction of the total mobile revenue for all but a handful of the biggest brands.

Amazon has more app revenue than mobile Web revenue. Walmart is getting close to parity. Most are not even close. Why? Venture investor Benedict Evans summed it up most succinctly: “Do people want to put your icon on their home screen?” The answer for most brands is ‘no.’”

Does this mean retailers shouldn’t create native mobile apps? Absolutely not. But the goals are different. Apps are for retailers’ most loyal customers by definition (who else will download your app?).

So instead of a generic shopping app, consider a VIP program for your best customers, delivered through an app. This will not only drive more revenue from these customers, it will also make their experience better. Nordstrom, for example, targets its most loyal customers via its mobile app, which delivers store notifications and promotions based on where those shoppers happen to be.

Customers can also see real-time inventory of stores closest to them. Another example is Dick’s Sporting Goods. The company has focused its efforts on its iPhone app as a digital hub for the company’s Scorecard rewards program. It targets special promotions for its most loyal, active customers.

The apps versus mobile browser discussion is really about audience segmentation and user behavior patterns. While apps are ideal for nurturing loyalty, the mobile Web is preferred for convenience and reach. A recent Forrester Research report shows shoppers prefer to buy from mobile sites while on the go.

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Shoppers show up to a company’s mobile site, not its app. In fact, across industries, the Web drives twice as much site traffic of apps, according to a recent Morgan Stanley report. This is driven by the fact that a company’s mobile site is intimately connected with all its marketing activities including email, SEO/SEM, affiliates, etc.

In comparison, a company’s mobile app, even with deep linking, is not as richly connected. This richer interconnectivity gives the Web an advantage in attracting new audiences, and also in providing better consistency of experiences across channels—and across devices.

Apps are for loyal users and mobile Web is for reach

In the changing face of mobile commerce, the ongoing debate between mobile apps and the mobile Web is about trade-offs. Apps can be expensive to build and develop. And they’re most useful for a niche. In fact, the stats around apps are sobering. Today’s consumers are spending more than 85% of their time on their smartphones using native apps, but the majority of their time—84%—is spent using five apps. Those five apps will vary from person to person. For some, their top five could include social media or gaming, while others may spend more time in instant messaging.

According to both Nielsen and Forrester Research, communication and social apps account for the most usage, followed by games, music, and streaming video. Aside from the top five apps, creating loyal app users isn’t easy, with 69% of users opening an app 10 times or fewer, and a quarter using the app just once after downloading it, according to Localytics’ analysis.

Consumer may have one or two retailer apps on their phone (e.g., Amazon), though they shop at many more stores. Their choices are tied to frequency and loyalty; they likely won’t download 10 different retail apps. Instead, they’ll use search and the browser to find information from retailers they’re more casually invested in.

The bottom line: The Web is for audience reach, and mobile apps are driving engagement from loyal customers. If done right, both are strategic and valuable. So when it comes to mobile, it’s not a question of Web vs. mobile apps. It’s picking the right approach that will yield better results for your customers.

Ajay Kapur is CEO and co-founder of Moovweb, where he drives the company’s vision, strategy, and growth. Moovweb’s mission is to drive mobile conversion rates higher than those on desktop by 2018. Prior to founding Moovweb, Kapur was a junior venture investor in startups and wrote apps for the very first smartphones. Kapur grew up in the San Francisco Bay Area, and earned an MBA from Stanford and bachelor’s degrees in physics and computer science from UC Berkeley.

Ajay Kapur

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